SOFTWARE SYSTEMS SUMMER SCHOOL
Dan Tsafir: Technion - Israel institute of Technology
Paravirtual Remote I/O
The traditional "trap and emulate" I/O paravirtualization model
conveniently allows for I/O interposition, yet it inherently
incurs costly guest-host context switches. The newer "sidecore"
model eliminates this overhead by dedicating host (side)cores to
poll the relevant guest memory regions and react accordingly
without context switching. But the dedication of sidecores on
each host might be
wasteful when I/O activity is low, or it might not provide enough computational power when I/O activity is high. We propose to alleviate this problem at rack scale by consolidating the dedicated sidecores spread across several hosts onto one server. The hypervisor is then effectively split into two parts: the local hypervisor that hosts the VMs, and the remote hypervisor that processes their paravirtual I/O. We call this model vRIO---paraVirtual Remote I/O. We find that by increasing the latency somewhat, it provides comparable throughput
with fewer sidecores and superior throughput with the same number of sidecores as compared to the state of the art. vRIO additionally constitutes a new, cost-effective way to consolidate I/O devices (on the remote hypervisor) while supporting efficient programmable I/O interposition.
Dan Tsafrir received his PhD from the Hebrew University of
Jerusalem in 2006, after which he became a post doctoral
researcher in the IBM T.J. Watson Research Center in New York, as
a member of the Advanced Operating Systems Group and the BlueGene
System Software Group. In 2009, he joined the Computer Science
Department of the Technion--Israel institute of Technology, where
he now serves as an Associate Professor. His research interests
are focused on practical aspects of operating systems,
hardware-software interfaces, and virtualization.